Studio della biodiversità in ambienti rurali

Collaborazione scientifica tra Musei del Canal di Brenta, World Biodiversity Association e Università di Padova per lo studio e la conservazione della biodiversità in ambienti rurali, attraverso gli indici di valutazione per la qualità ambientale. Il progetto ideato dalla World Biodiversity Association è volto alla creazione di una certificazione ambientale che permetta di stimare lo stato di conservazione e le criticità della biodiversità in ambienti rurali ed agricoli, in modo da incentivare un’agricoltura sostenibile e limitare gli impatti sulle comunità biotiche.
I risultati dello studio sono stati presentati sul numero 5 del 2014 del Biodiversity Journal.

Gianfranco Caoduro, Roberto Battiston, Pier Mauro Giachino, Laura Guidolin & Giuliano Lazzarin Biodiversity indices for the assessment of air, water and soil quality of the “Biodiversity Friend” certification in temperate areas Biodiversity Journal, 5 (1): 69-86

ABSTRACT
“Biodiversity Friend” is a standard certification developed in 2010 by World Biodiversity Association to evaluate the biodiversity and promote its conservation in agriculture. The procedure to obtain the certification considers the environmental impacts of the agricultural activities on the agrosystem and the biodiversity and suggests operational strategies to improve the environmental quality of the agriculture areas. The evaluation is referred to 12 actions related to low-impact methods of pest and weed control, reconstitution of soil fertility, rational management of water resources, diffusion of hedges, woodlands and ectariferous
plants, conservation of agricultural biodiversity, soil, air and freshwater quality through Biodiversity Indices, use of renewable sources for energy supply, lower CO2 production and CO2 storage and other actions that may have beneficial effects on biodiversity. The environmental conditions of the agrosystem are evaluated by biomonitoring of air, water and soil. The biodiversity of soil and aquatic macroinvertebrates and the biodiversity of epiphytic lichen communities decrease very quickly when the soil, water and air conditions are altered by different causes such as pollution, synthetic and organic pesticides, bad land use practices, etc. The protocol of the three indices of the standard certification “Biodiversity Friend”: Lichen Biodiversity Index (LBI-bf), Freshwater Biodiversity Index (FBI-bf), and Soil Biodiversity Index (SBI-bf) are here presented in detail.

Data di pubblicazione: 31 agosto 2014
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